How to fix 'the type of the file system is RAW, chkdsk is not available for RAW drives'?
Summary: This article will show you how to fix chkdsk is not available for RAW drives and recover data from RAW drive with different methods according to different RAW drive scenarios.
Table of the article contents
- What is RAW drive?
- Common scenarios of RAW drive
- Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives with RAW partition recovery
- Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives with RAW drive data recovery
- Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives on Bitlocker encrypted drive
- Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives on C: drive
- Fix RAW drive by reformatting
- Fix RAW drive using CMD
- Ask for help from a local data recovery service
Chkdsk is not available for RAW drives
Chkdsk (short for check disk) is a system tool built-in Windows OS, it verifies the file system integrity of a volume and fixes logical errors in file system.
After the drive became RAW, we always use chkdsk /f command to fix RAW drive, RAW USB drive, RAW SD card, RAW external hard drive, but chkdsk reports error message: The type of the file system is RAW. Chkdsk is not available for RAW drives.
RAW drive also calls RAW file system, RAW file system simply means that the file system is not recognized by Windows OS. Therefore all the available file system drivers are unable to mount the file system as a drive. This often happens when the records determining the file system type or location on the disk are damaged or corrupted, usually the partition table (MBR) or the boot sector (DBR).
Sometimes a damaged volume may lose its file system type. Various error messages may appear, most common being:
The volume X: is not formatted. Do you want to format it now?
The disk in drive X: is not formatted.
The volume does not contain a recognized file system
Drive X:\ not accessible. The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable.
There was an error accessing drive X:. The disk is not formatted.
Anyway, what is wrong with the drive? There are so many important files stored on it, and a chkdsk tool will complain that it is unable to perform a RAW file system recovery; how should we fix RAW partition when chkdsk is not available for RAW drives in Windows 10/8/7/XP and Windows Server 2016/2012/2008/2003?
Following are several solutions to fix chkdsk is not available for RAW drives on USB drive, SD card, flash drive, external hard drive in Windows 10/8/7/XP and Windows Server 2016/2012/2008/2003.
Solution 1: Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives with RAW partition recovery
M3 Data Recovery is a RAW partition recovery and RAW drive data recovery software which can solve "chkdsk is not available for RAW drives" issue by changing/converting RAW to NTFS/FAT32 without data loss or data recovery from RAW drive.
Step 1: Install and launch M3 Data Recovery software. After that, please select RAW Drive Recovery module.
Step 2: Choose the RAW drive.
Step 3: Click Next to scan the RAW drive you want to recover or fix.
Step 4: After fixing RAW drive, please check the files in RAW drive before recovering.
Step 5: Click "Fix Drive" to fix RAW drive, you will see RAW drive will become NTFS/FAT32 file system and acess the drive as normal.
If RAW drive cannot be fixed, please go to solution 2 and recover data from RAW drive with M3 Data Recovery software.
Solution 2: Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives with RAW drive data recovery
Step 1: Launch M3 Data Recovery software and choose the Data Recovery module.
Step 2: Choose RAW drive and click Next to scan, All files will be found in minutes.
Step 3: Select the files you want to recover from RAW drive and then save them.
Besides solving RAW drive issue, M3 Data Recovery software can also recover data from RAW external hard drive, USB flash drive, memory card, SD card, recover data from formatted drive, recover data from deleted/lost partition, etc. in Windows 10/8/7/XP and Windows Server 2016/2012/2008/2003.
Solution 3: Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives on Bitlocker encrypted drive
If RAW drive was Bitlocker encrypted, M3 Data Recovery is also a professional Bitlocker data recovery software which can recover data from Bitlocker encrypted drive.
Step 1: Launch M3 Data Recovery software and select Bitlocker Recovery module.
Step 2: Select the Bitlocker encrypted drive you want to recover data from and click Next to continue.
Step 3: Enter the password or Bitlocker recovery key and click OK to scan data from Bitlocker encrypted drive.
Step 4: After scanning, lost files will be listed as below window, then select the files you want to recover and save them.
If RAW drive was encrypted by other encryption software, you need to unlock it before using M3 Data Recovery software, otherwise, M3 Data Recovery software doesn't have any option to decrypt the recovered files.
Solution 4: Fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives on C: drive
After C: drive became RAW, we are unable to boot Windows computer, in this situation, we need to create bootable media and fix it.
Step 1: Download M3 Data Recovery WinPE bootable media iso file.
Step 2: Create M3 Data Recovery WinPE bootable media with the burning tool.
Step 3: Boot the failed Windows computer from M3 Data Recovery WinPE bootable media.
Step 4: Choose Data Recovery module to recover data from C: drive or choose RAW Drive Recovery module to fix RAW drive.
How to fix chkdsk is not available for RAW drives without software?
Solution 5: Fix RAW drive by reformatting
If there is no important data in RAW drive, format is the best choice, just right click RAW drive in My Computer (This PC) or Disk Management and then select "Format..." to reformat it.
Step 1: Right click RAW drive in My Computer (This PC) or Disk Management.
Step 2: Select "Format...".
Step 3: Select NTFS file system and then set other information (Allocation unit size, volume label, format options) about format
Step 4: Click Start to reformat RAW drive to NTFS.
Solution 6: Fix RAW drive using CMD
Before using CMD to fix chkdsk not available for RAW drives, please follow solution 2 to recover data from RAW drive if there is important data in RAW drive.
Step 1: Go to the start menu, type in "cmd" in the search bar.
Step 2: Right click cmd.exe and choose "Run as Administrator".
Step 3: Type diskpart to open the diskpart command prompt.
Step 4: Type list volume, press Enter, all the volume will be list.
Step 5: Type select volume n, press Enter, the volume you want to format will be selected.
Step 6: Type "format fs=ntfs quick" and press Enter. After format completes, the RAW drive will be NTFS.
If Windows and diskpart command are unable to format RAW drive, the RAW drive should have hardware issue, please try the 3rd-party professional format software or low-level format tool.
Solution 7: Ask for help from a local data recovery service
When encountering the following RAW drive scenarios, it means RAW storage device has hardwae issue, please send it to a local data recovery service for help if you lost the important data.
1. The capacity of RAW drive is 0 bytes.
2. RAW drive doesn't have correct capacity:
3. Drive is not accessible. Data error (Cyclic redundancy check) when accessing RAW drive in My Computer or Windows explorer:
4. Data is not found by M3 Data Recovery software:
5. WinHex cannot read RAW drive due to unreadable sectors.
WinHex is a universal hex editor, particularly helpful in the realm of computer forensics, data recovery, low-level data editing.
After installing WinHex, run it as administrator, select Tools, select Open Disk, select RAW drive and check if there are unreadable sectors or data error (Cyclic redundancy check).